Once a plea has been made and accepted by the courts, the case is usually final and cannot be challenged. However, an accused may withdraw his or her plea for specific legal reasons, and an accused may accept a „conditional“ plea in which he or she pleads guilty and accepts a judgment, while reserving the right to appeal a particular case (for example. B violation of a constitutional right). If the defendant does not win an appeal, the contract is performed; If the defendant succeeds in the appeal, the case will be closed. The accused in Doggett against the United States entered into such an agreement and was satisfied with the right to appeal solely on the ground that he had not obtained a speedy trial, as required by the United States Constitution; Doggett`s complaint was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court and he was released. Canadian judges are not bound by the Crown`s sentencing recommendations and may impose harsher (or more lenient) sentences. As a result, the Crown and the defence will often make a joint case with respect to conviction. While a joint filing can cause both the Crown and the defence to recommend exactly the same decision in a case, this is not common except in such minor cases that the Crown is prepared to recommend a referral.
In more serious cases, a joint filing normally requires a relatively narrow sentence, with the Crown advocating for a sentence at the top of the range and the defence for a sentence at the bottom, in order to gain visibility into the judge`s ability to exercise discretion.  It would appear that in Nigeria, the procedures negotiated in Nigeria were used mainly in cases of financial crime. In this context, concerns have been expressed that corrupt officials may face light penalties under pleading agreements. The extent of the impact of the 2015 provisions on reducing the overload of court proceedings is not yet known. In accordance with Article 217 of the Georgian Code of Criminal Procedure, the prosecutor is obliged to consult the victim before the conclusion of the pleading agreement and to inform him accordingly. .