Today, ATRs are evolving in a way that goes beyond existing multilateral rules. The areas that cover them – investment, capital and people, competition and state-owned enterprises, e-commerce, anti-corruption and intellectual property rights – are key policy issues that need to be addressed in today`s more interconnected markets. Mega-regional initiatives are of a completely new scale and allow preferential access to Member States` markets by attempting to conclude 21st century trade agreements with deep and comprehensive market integration. Economic union is an even more economically integrated regulation. Business unions remove internal barriers, adopt common external barriers, allow the free movement of people (for example. (B) and adopt a common economic policy. The European Union (EU) is the best-known example of economic union. EU Member States all use the same currency, apply monetary policy and negotiate with each other without paying customs duties. Regional trade agreements (ATRs) now cover more than half of international trade and operate alongside global multilateral agreements under the World Trade Organization (WTO). In recent years, many countries have actively sought to conclude new bilateral and regional trade agreements, often more modern and progressive, aimed at boosting trade and economic growth. The current release of the RTA partly reflects the need for deeper integration than has been achieved through previous multilateral agreements. Trade agreements open many doors.
With access to new markets, competition intensifies. Increasing competition is forcing companies to produce better quality products. It also leads to greater diversity for consumers. If there are a variety of high quality products, companies can improve customer satisfaction. Deep trade agreements are an important institutional infrastructure for regional integration. They reduce business costs and set many rules in which economies are active. If designed effectively, they can improve political cooperation between countries and thus promote international trade and international investment, economic growth and social well-being. Studies by the World Bank Group show that Member States benefit from trade agreements, including increased employment opportunities, lower unemployment rates and increased market opportunities. Since trade agreements generally come with investment guarantees, investors who wish to invest in developing countries are protected from political risks.